# Adding fractions

## Numerator

A numerator is a number that is used to represent part of a whole. The number can be found above the line or on top in a fraction which shows how many parts are indicated by the denominator are taken. For example: 3 in 3/6 as shown in the diagram above.

## Denominator

The denominator is the figure below the numerator in a fraction. Very simply the number at the bottom in any fraction.

## Adding fractions

Addition of fractions is very simple and straight forward. You just have to learn a few simple rules or steps.

When adding like fractions such as the one below, fractions which have the same denominator you simply add the top numerators and then write the fractions with the numerators addition over the denominator of the two fractions.

Fractions which have different denominators have to be treated differently. We first have to find the lowest common multiple of the denominators of the fraction. Then use that as the denominator in the final answer. We can see this in the following example.

The denominators for this example are different. In this example we have to convert the all the fractions in the equation so that they have the same denominators. The numerators will be affected as well since the denominators are end up being affected or change.

The LCM of 2 and 3 is a six, therefore;.

Notice that the numerators have been affected as well. For each fraction you had to multiply the denominator by the LCM to get the new denominator that is common in both fractions. We must multiply this number as well with the numerator to keep the fraction constant.

You do the same for the second fraction. You had to multiply the denominator 2 by 3 to get a 6. Since you multiplied the bottom you had to do the same to the top. The same for;

### Useful links

Learn more about this topic in the following pages.

- Equivalent Fractions: This is a good article about equivalent fractions.
- Dividing Fractions: You may also be interested in reading about dividing fractions.