## 2D shapes and 3D shapes

## 2D shapes

2D shapes are the easier shapes to draw, these can be drawn very easily on a piece of paper. You can think of 2D shapes as an outline for 3D shapes. The following shows some of the popular 2d shapes that you will encounter.

### Pentagon

A pentagon is commonly described as the 5 sided figure/shape. The shape has 5 sides and 5 corners as you can see from above.

### Triangle

A triangle is a 3 sided shape. This shape has 3 sides and 3 corners as it’s properties.

### Square

A square has 4 sides and 4 corners. All sides in a square also has 4 corners. These 4 corners are right angle which form 90 degrees angle.

### Circle

The circle is a round shape with only one side and no corners.

### Rectangle

A rectangle is a 4 sided shape similarly to a square except all the sides are not equal. A rectangle has 2 short equal sides and long equal sides. All the corners are right angle which forms 90 degree angles.

### Hexagon

A hexagon is a 6 sided shape which has 6 corners as shown above.

## 3D shapes

3D/3 dimensional shapes are solid shapes. These are everyday objects that we come across each day. The following shows some of the common 3D shapes.

### Cube

A cube has 6 flat faces which are squares with equal sides. All sides of a cube are equal.

### Cone

A cone has a curved face and a flat face. The flat face is the circle which you can see on the shape above.

### Sphere

The sphere pronounced “sfeer” has just one curved face.

### Triangular Prism

The above is the triangular prism. This 3D shape is made up of flat triangles and rectangles.

### Cuboids

The cuboid is made up of 6 flat & faces which may be squares or rectangles.

### Cylinder

The cylinder shown above has curved face and flat curves which are circles.

### Pyramid

A pyramid has flat face triangles and squares.

;## 2D shapes

2D shapes are the easier shapes to draw, these can be drawn very easily on a piece of paper. You can think of 2D shapes as an outline for 3D shapes. The following shows some of the popular 2d shapes that you will encounter.

### Pentagon

A pentagon is commonly described as the 5 sided figure/shape. The shape has 5 sides and 5 corners as you can see from above.

### Triangle

A triangle is a 3 sided shape. This shape has 3 sides and 3 corners as it’s properties.

### Square

A square has 4 sides and 4 corners. All sides in a square also has 4 corners. These 4 corners are right angle which form 90 degrees angle.

### Circle

The circle is a round shape with only one side and no corners.

### Rectangle

A rectangle is a 4 sided shape similarly to a square except all the sides are not equal. A rectangle has 2 short equal sides and long equal sides. All the corners are right angle which forms 90 degree angles.

### Hexagon

A hexagon is a 6 sided shape which has 6 corners as shown above.

## 3D shapes

3D/3 dimensional shapes are solid shapes. These are everyday objects that we come across each day. The following shows some of the common 3D shapes.

### Cube

A cube has 6 flat faces which are squares with equal sides. All sides of a cube are equal.

### Cone

A cone has a curved face and a flat face. The flat face is the circle which you can see on the shape above.

### Sphere

The sphere pronounced “sfeer” has just one curved face.

### Triangular Prism

The above is the triangular prism. This 3D shape is made up of flat triangles and rectangles.

### Cuboids

The cuboid is made up of 6 flat & faces which may be squares or rectangles.

### Cylinder

The cylinder shown above has curved face and flat curves which are circles.

### Pyramid

A pyramid has flat face triangles and squares.

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